mux_generic — choose one from several input values
loadrt mux_generic config="bb8,fu12…."
This is a legacy Linuxcnc component and somewhat confusingly, this component creates a hal_name of mux-gen.NN,
hence why all functions and pins have that name.
It could be subject to change, to comply with the Machinekit norm that all components have the same loaded name as the component, unless aliased by names=[name1],….
Depending on the data types can run in either a floating point or non-floating point thread.
mux-gen.NN.suppress-no-input bit in
This suppresses changing the output if all select lines are false. This stops unwanted jumps in output between transitions of input. but makes in00 unavaliable.
mux-gen.NN.debounce-us unsigned in
sets debouce time in microseconds. eg. 100000 = a tenth of a second.
The selection inputs must be stable this long before the output changes. This helps to ignore 'noisy' switches.
mux-gen.NN.sel-bitMMM bit in (M=0..N)
mux-gen.NN.sel-intMMM unsigned in
Together, these pins determine which inN value is copied to output.
The bit pins are interpreted as binary bits, and the result is simply added on
to the integer pin input.
It is expected that either one or the other would normally be used. Hower, the possibility exists to use a higher-order bit to "shift" the values set by the integer pin.
The sel-bit pins are only created when the size of the mux_gen component is an integer power of two.
This component (unlike mux16) does not offer the option of decoding gray-code, however the same effect can be achieved by arranging the order of the input values to suit.
mux-gen.NN.out-[bit/float/s32/u32] variable-type out
Follows the value of one of the inN values according to the selection
bits and/or the selection number.
Values will be converted/truncated according to standard C rules. This means, for example that a float input greater than 2147483647 will give an S32 output of -2147483648.
mux-gen.NN.in-[bit/float/s32/u32]-MM variable-type in
The possible output values that are selected by the selection pins.
mux-gen.N.elapsed float r
Current value of the internal debounce timer for debugging.
mux-gen.N.selected s32 r
Current value of the internal selection variable after conversion for debugging. Possibly useful for setting up gray-code switches.
This component is a more general version of the other multiplexing components.
It allows the creation of arbitrary-size multiplexers (up to 1024 entries) and also supports differing data types on the input and output pins.
The configuration string is a comma-separated list of code-letters and numbers,
such as "bb4,fu12"
This would create a 4-element bit-to-bit mux and a 12-element float-to-unsigned mux.
The code letters are b = bit, f = float, s =
signed integer, u = unsigned integer.
The first letter code is the input type, the second is the output type.
The codes are not case-sensitive. The order of the letters is significant but the position in the string is not. Do not insert any spaces in the config string.
Any non-zero float value will be converted to a "true" output in bit form.
Be wary that float datatypes can be very, very, close to zero and not actually be equal to zero.
Each mux has its own HAL function and must be added to a thread separately. If neither input nor output is of type float then the function is base-thread (non floating-point) safe. Any mux_generic with a floating point input or output can only be added to a floating-point thread.