Finding line number information for faults in realtime components

  1. Get a version of LinuxCNC which prints the faulting instruction address (that includes this version of LinuxCNC)

  2. Include debugging info in your modules. For built-in modules, below the definition of EXTRA_CFLAGS in Makefile, add EXTRA_CFLAGS += -g For standalone modules, add the same line just above the line ifeq ($(BUILDSYS),kbuild) and (re)build the component

  3. Run hal until the fault occurs. DO NOT EXIT THE HAL SESSION YET. You must find the start of the module (step 5) first.

  4. Note the ip (instruction pointer) address in dmesg. e.g.: RTAPI: Task 1[c2800000]: Fault with vec=14, signo=11 ip=c93dc01a. ^^^^

  5. Find the module which contains the offending IP. $cat /proc/modules motmod 142230 0 - Live 0xc93df000 fault 1626 1 motmod, Live 0xc93dc000 hal_lib 30517 2 motmod,fault, Live 0xc93d5000

    Now you can exit hal/emc2.
  6. Subtract the start of the module from the faulting ip (in this case, 0x1a) Among other ways to do this, you can use the shell: $ printf "0x%x\n" $0xc93dc01a-0xc93dc000 0x1a

  7. Use addr2line to find out the source code line: $ addr2line -e emc2-dev/src/fault.ko 0x1a /usr/src/linux-headers-2.6.32-122-rtai/hal/components/fault.comp:9 Ignore how the directory name is wrong and see whether this has helped you localize the problem: fault.comp:9 (int)0 = 0; Yup! Looks like it has.

    Note that even if you do not prefix the address argument to addr2line
    with 0x, it is taken to be a hex number, and you'll get the wrong
    line-number information.  Take care to always use hex addresses with